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Item Print, Photographic
Title Formal portrait of James Curtis Bertrand
Photo Number PP501667
Other # 003459
Date [ca. 1890]
Description 1 photograph print
Colour: black and white

Scope & Content:
Photograph consists of a formal portrait of James Curtis Bertrand, taken ca. 1890
Provenance James Curtis Bertrand was born ca. 1829 at Exeter, Illinois, U.S.A. James Bertrand (1829-1933) left his hometown of Exeter, Illinois and came to live in Blaine, Washington in 1853 by way of California. He moved to Chilliwack in 1858, where he engaged in the mercantile business during the booming years of the Fraser river gold rush. Bertrand is credited as the man who put the 'whack' in Chilliwhack. The original spelling was Chilukweyuk. He married Mary Ann John (1842-1918), a First Nations woman and sister of local Sto:lo chief Captain John Sualis of Soowahlie near Cultus Lake, in 1859. The couple had 7 children: Thomas, Charlie, Jenks, Sarah, who married Arthur Marshall, Annie Laurie, who married Albert Glenn, Josephine, who married Frank Adams, and William. In 1859, Betrand worked on the boundary survey, sitting small iron monuments along the Washington/British Columbia border. He pre-empted land with Reuben Nowell in 1863, a section of land that now forms the eastern part of downtown Chilliwack. In 1871, he left Chilliwack and settled near Lynden, Washington, on land known as Bertrand Prairie. He returned to Blaine in 1886 and operated a general store and worked in real estate for several years. In 1890, he went to Alaska and in later years explored much of northern British Columbia. He passed away in Blaine, Washington on February 13, 1933, at the age of 103 years.